KDE O35 AAD
Y. N. Sharma & H. A. Shastry
VEDIC CHANTS - RUDRAM
- RUDRA NAMAKAM
- PURUSHA SUKTAM
- SRI SUKTAM
- MANTRA PUSHPAM
- RUNA VIMOHANA MANGALA STHOTHRAM
- SWASTI VACHAKAM
Vedic chants have their origin in Rg Vedic literature probably composed around 1200 BCE and considered to be the oldest
religious text in the world and still looked upon as sacred. The Chants were learnt by rote, and by a remarkable system of
mnemonic checks and the patience and brilliant memories of many generations of Brahmins, they have been preserved to
this day in much the same form as that in which they existed.
Rudra (the howler) a Vedic god and precursor of Siva, derives his name from rud (to howl). Like Apollo, he was an archer god.
Like Indra, he was associated with the storm. He dwelt in the mountains and shot arrows of plague and disease. But he was
also the guardian of healing herbs, and associated as the bringer of fertilising rain by his marriage to Prsni whose name
denotes a leather water bag. His later Vedic consort Rudrani or Midhusi signifies his function as the pourer thus explaining
the worship of the Phallic symbol. In later Vedic times Rudra assumed new names such as Bhava, Mahadeva etc. and finally
merged into Siva his mythological successor. Rudra may be reached not only by meditation and penance but also by devotion
Shri Y.N. Sharma and Shri H.A. Shastry are Brahmin scholars and priests well versed in vedic rituals. Their clear diction and
correct enunciation of Sanskrit shlokas and hymns have been acquired by years of learning and recitation. They are the torch
bearers of an unsurpassed oral tradition and have recited the vedic humns as it was done 3,000 years ago.
1. RUDRA NAMAKAM
Rudra Namakam commonly referred to as Rudram occurs in the Yajur Veda and is addressed to Rudra. Full of poetical
beauty and devotional fervour, the Rudram, offers salutations to Rudra, seeks the protection of his drawn bow and prays for
divine knowledge and illumination to release one from ignorance and the misery of samsara. The Rudram consists of 169
mantras and is usually chanted in the morning hours.
The Chamakam, so called because of the oft repeated word chame, consists of 11 anuvakams. The first seeks physical well
being. The second seeks a high status in society, the third seeks the good of society and the other worlds. The fourth seeks
food and drink. The fifth seeks the necessary materials to perform the holy rituals and sacrifices. The sixth seeks the
blessings of the Gods such as Agni, Indra etc. The seventh seeks vessels for holy rites. The eighth seeks the ingredients for
the sacrifices. The ninth seeks the mantras for the performance of the rites. The tenth seeks completion of the sacrifices in
letter and spirit. The eleventh seeks magical numbers and the Ultimate Being that controls everything as their immortal ruler.
3. PURUSHA SUKTAM
The Purusha Suktam, a short hymn of 18 riks is dedicated to the concept of primeval man or Purusha from whom the universe
4. SRI SUKTAM
The Sri Suktam, a hymn of 15 verses is dedicated to Sri (Lakshmi - Fortune) the goddess of good luck and temporal blessing.
5. MANTRA PUSHPAM
The Mantra Pushpam is a collection of mantras from the four vedas and is chanted when worship is offered by Tulasi (holy
6. RUNA VIMOHANA MANGALA STHOTHRAM
The Runa Vimochana Mangala Stotram from the Narasimha Purana is addressed to Lord Narasimha and his consort
Lakshmi and prays for relief from debts and seeks wealth and prosperity.
7. SWASTI VACHAKAM
Swasti Vachakam is a benediction or blessing by priests for the good health, welfare and prosperity of the devotee. It can be
chanted at the beginning or the end of any auspicious function.
Sanskrit Hymns - Rudram